Making High Schools Work: Patterns of School Reform and the Integration of Vocational and Academic Education

E. Nielsen Andrew, W. N. Grubb

Research by NCRVE has clarified that the integration of vocational and academic education is not only a way of reshaping vocational education but also an approach to reconstructing the high school for all students. However, there are numerous other reform movements now taking root in schools across the country, and an obvious question concerns the ways in which the efforts at integration are consistent with--or possibly inconsistent with--other reforms. To answer this question, the authors surveyed various reform efforts to clarify the similarities and differences between them and efforts to integrate vocational and academic education.

MDS-253 / May 1993

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