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New Visions: Education and Training for an Innovative Work Force (MDS-1073)

Laurel McFarland, Editor

Foreword and Table of Contents

In 1991, the U.S. Department of Education and the European Union signed an agreement to exchange information and conduct joint activities concerning vocational and continuing education. In 1992, the first joint U.S.-EU conference, hosted by the European Union in the Netherlands, covered the topic, "School and Industry: Partners for a Quality Education." Participants were primarily policymakers for education and employment from the localities and states, or among the European member states. The conference provided such useful information exchange and debate that plans for a second conference followed immediately. For both conferences, the U.S. and EU partners worked together on the theme of the conference, the issues to be addressed, and the design of the program.

This volume has its origins in the second joint U.S.-EU conference, which was hosted by the U.S. Department of Education, with the San Diego Community College District as the host site. It was held November 2-4, 1994, in San Diego, California. The conference theme--"New Visions: Education and Training for an Innovative Work Force"--represents a central concern of national policies as they relate to school-to-work reform in the United States and regionalization in the European Union. The framework of the conference was constructed around three critical issues of mutual concern: (1) inclusivity, (2) local leadership, and (3) small- and medium-sized enterprises. These complex issues are fully discussed in the eleven chapters of this book.

The United States and the European Union collaborated closely in the planning of the San Diego conference. The U.S. Department of Education's role was planned by Augusta Kappner (then Assistant Secretary of Vocational and Adult Education), Winifred Warnat (Director of Vocational-Technical Education), Karen Cossaro (Education Program Specialist), and Norris Dickard (Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary). In addition, the conference also benefited from the contributions of Stewart Tinsman (Director of International and Territorial Services Staff) and Samuel McKee (Education Program Specialist). Post-conference work on this project has been conducted under the direction of Patricia McNeil (Assistant Secretary Designate of Vocational and Adult Education). The staff at the National Center for Research in Vocational Education at the University of California at Berkeley--especially Susan Faulkner and Jennifer Goshay--organized and performed the administrative work for the conference. The San Diego Community College District and its president, Augustine Gallego, hosted the conference locally, and Janet Fialho and other SDCCD staff provided valuable planning assistance. The U.S. Department of Education would also like to acknowledge the European Commission for their assistance in planning the conference and the volume.

Those involved in planning from the European Union included Tom O'Dwyer (Director General for Education, Training and Youth, Directorate Generale XXII, European Commission), Brendan Cardiff (Deputy Head of Unit of Cooperation with Nonmember Countries on Education and Vocational Training, including TEMPUS and the European Training Foundation, within the Directorate Generale for Human Resources, Education, Training, and Youth), and Jose Costa (Science, Technology, and Education Advisor, Delegation of the European Commission, Washington, DC). Representatives of the European Commission and delegates from the member states of the European Union would like to thank the U.S. Department of Education, and would also like to thank the local conference hosts, the San Diego Community College District. In addition, the EU would like to welcome its newest members, Austria, Finland, and Sweden, who were attending their first conference with the United States. They would also like to acknowledge the presence at the conference of the board members of the European Training Foundation and its director.

The United States and European Union delegates joined each other in welcoming the participation, for the first time at these U.S.-EU conferences, of the following neighboring Latin American countries: Venezuela, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and Peru. Their contributions to the conference are greatly appreciated.

Since the conference, Augusta Kappner has become President of Bank Street College in New York City. Her successor, Patricia McNeil, the Assistant Secretary in the U.S. Department of Education, is committed to ensuring that the successful exchange between the United States and the European Union on this vital topic area continues.
Patricia McNeil
Assistant Secretary
Office of Vocational and Adult Education
U.S. Department of Education
Thomas O'Dwyer
Director General for Education, Training, and Youth
European Commission
Directorate Generale XXII
As the Editor of this volume, and the Rapporteur at the San Diego conference, I would like to thank the individual authors for their cooperation during the editing process. I would also like to recognize the contribution of their staff: Brendan Cardiff, the European Commission; Norris Dickard, U.S. Department of Education; Barry Garron and Janet Fialho, San Diego Community College District; Adam ffoulkes Roberts, the FORCE programm, EU; Constance Meldrum, EU; and Klaus Meyer, Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training, Germany. I would also like to thank the staff of the U.S. Department of Education, the European Commission, and NCRVE (especially Sandy Larimer) for their gracious assistance during this project. The cover design of this document is based upon the original artwork of Hans Emmerik of the Netherlands. I would like to note that the views expressed in this volume are the opinions of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of either the U.S. Department of Education or the European Commission.

Laurel McFarland



Section I: Introduction to Education and Training for an Innovative Work Force

Chapter 1
Shared Visions: European and American Interests in Education and Training for an Innovative Work Force: A Synthesis of Conference Themes and Papers
by Laurel McFarland
Chapter 2
Education and Training for an Innovative Work Force: European Union Initiatives
by Tom O'Dwyer

Section II: New Visions: American Initiatives: A Case Study

Chapter 3
New Visions for Education and Work Force Training Policy in the United States
by Augusta Souza Kappner
Chapter 4
Building a School-to-Work System in the United States
by Winifred I. Warnat
Chapter 5
Building an Innovative Work Force in the San Diego Community College District
by Augustine P. Gallego

Section III: Inclusivity

Chapter 6
The Inclusivity Imperative: Leveraging the Creativity of Human Diversity
by Esteban Soriano
Chapter 7
Innovation for Inclusion: Ensuring Access and Participation for All
by Gerhard Welbers

Section IV: Local Leadership

Chapter 8
Creating New Partnerships To Bridge the Gap Between Education and Work
by Robert Poczik
Chapter 9
European Experience with Local Training Partnerships for Global Competition
by Richard Walther

Section V: Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises

Chapter 10
The Challenge of Involving Small- and Medium-Sized Businesses in Tech Prep and School-to-Work Initiatives
by Diana M. Walter
Chapter 11
The Dual System and Qualification Needs of Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises
by Bernhard Buck

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