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Career Guidance Resource Guide for Elementary and Middle/Junior High School
D. Dare, C. Maddy-Bernstein
Career theorists such as Ginzburg, Roe, Super, Crites, Holland,
Tideman, and others have long emphasized the developmental aspect of career
development, which they indicate should begin in early childhood and
continue into the adult years. Despite the strength of these developmental
theoretical perspectives, most career-related activity found in our schools
has traditionally taken place in high schools. However, this trend is
changing. Educators across the nation are becoming increasingly aware of
the need to prepare students to begin planning as early as possible for the
world beyond school, including the world of work.
A number of recent initiatives, including the School-to-Work
Opportunities Act of 1994, have reemphasized the need to address
career-related education at appropriate developmental levels. Resources
such as the National Career Development Guidelines K-Adult Handbook
(Kobylarz, 1996) provide educators a backdrop for delivery of high quality
programs. The purpose of this resource guide is to provide practitioners
with information on currently available career guidance materials and
resources for elementary and middle/junior high school levels.
The information contained in this resource guide includes:
- The National Career Development Guidelines for Elementary and
Middle/Junior High School, taken from the National Career Development
Guidelines K-Adult Handbook (Kobylarz, 1996). The National Career
Development Guidelines K-Adult Handbook is based on developmental career
counseling theory and has been validated through exhaustive review by
practitioners, leaders in the field, and field tests.
- A "template" taken from the National School-to-Work Office's web site.
This template offers a list of suggested activities to enhance the career
development of all students.
- The Career Development Activities Chart. This chart is designed to
indicate how the two models (the National Career Development Guidelines and
School-to-Work) can intersect to promote developmental career guidance
through appropriately selected activities for students at all developmental
levels, including elementary and middle/junior high school.
- A list of materials and resources to be used by practitioners in career
guidance activities for elementary and middle/junior high school students.
These resources and materials are listed in four sections: Grades K-3,
Grades 4-6, Grades 7-8, and Other Resources.
- Address list for Sources of Information. This section provides a listing
of manufacturers, publishers, and distributors whose catalogs served as the
primary sources of information for this resource guide.
- A list of names and addresses of State Supervisors of Career Guidance
- A list of names and addresses of State Occupational Information
Coordinating Committees (SOICC)
- A list of names and addresses of State School-to-Work Coordinators and/or
- Brief abstracts with contact information for the Regional Education
- A brief abstract describing ERIC/CASS information sources
LIMITATIONS OF THE RESOURCE GUIDE
As the National Career Development Guidelines (NCDG) indicate,
career guidance focuses on three critical developmental areas:
self-knowledge, educational and occupational exploration, and career
planning. While all three components are critical to effective development
of career-related competencies, this guide focuses on educational and
occupational exploration and career planning. The purpose of this guide is
to provide a list of resources related specifically to exploration and
planning. For locating resources on self-knowledge and other related
topics, see page 191.
Additionally, although new electronic resources are emerging at a
very rapid pace and many of these resources are excellent, the technology
to support the use of these resources remains widely disparate across the
nation's elementary and middle schools. Many of these resources are
currently available on web sites and through the internet. Others
resources vary widely in cost, and many are quite expensive. In an attempt
to be timely in providing a resource guide for other materials, this
resource guide limits information on the electronic resources available for
career exploration and planning. A supplemental guide including electronic
resources is under consideration for future publications.
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