This article presents a broad framework for education policy. Three points are established: (1) that policy can no longer focus on vocational education as traditionally conceived; (2) that work-centered education requires a double integration approach: both classroom integration of vocational and academic education and integration of school-based and work-based learning; and (3) that the most effective reforms are schoolwide such as career academies and majors. Hoachlander stresses the need for a vision of education for work that can appeal to any student, regardless of ability and postsecondary aspirations. He classifies the types of knowledge education should integrate as generic such as problem-solving and teamwork, industry relevant such as economics and history, and occupationally specific such as equipment and production skills. This article is a valuable synthesis of current thinking on work-related education.
MDS-1042 / January 1996